DMI, a new high purity aprotic solvent, is composed of nitrogen containing five membered ring compound and widely recognized as an epoch making solvent. It is a colorless, transparent, high polar solvent with high thermal and chemical stability and non-corrosiveness. Its highest boiling point is 225?C, a high flash point of 120?C and a low melting point of 8.2?C. Because of its excellent solubility for inorganic and organic compounds and high dielectric constant and solvation effect, it has a wide range of applications. DMI is used in the manufacture of polymers, dyestuffs, medicines, agrochemicals, and electronic parts. DMI is also known as 1,3 Dimethyl-2-Imidazolidinone or by CAS number 80-73-9.
Stability to acids and alkalines
DMI has higher heat stability than general aprotic polar solvents in the presence of acids and alkalines.
Stability in acids (in a stream of N2)
Stability in alkalines (in a stream of N2)
Aqueous solution of DMI is not hydrolyzed.
DMI does not corrode metallic materials such as iron, steel and stainless steel among others.
As DMI is thermally and chemically stable, its dissolving power for organic and inorganic compounds in addition to its accelerating effect as an aprotic polar solvent, makes it an exceptionally effective reaction solvent. By applying DMI, reaction products of high purity can be obtained in a short time at a higher yield.
It is effective for various nucleophilic substitution reactions such as the synthesis of phenylether derivatives, amino compounds and fluorobenzene derivatives as illustrated below. Its high dielectric constant and solvation effect accelerate anionic nucleophilic reaction through solvation of cations. These synthesis products are used as intermediates in agrochemicals, medicines, dyestuffs and monomers of high performance resins.
DMI is uniquely suited for the manufacture of heat resistant thermoplastics and can be effectively used as a solvent for synthesis of various polymers and a cleaning agent for polymerization and molding equipment. In the production of polyamides and polyimides, DMI accelerates the formation of amide and imide groups to produce high molecular weight polymers. In the production of polyphenylenesulfides, products containing smaller amounts of organic impurities are acquired in electric materials. In the production of polyethersulfones, DMI controls side reactions to produce polymers of high quality. In the formation of polyimide and polysulfone films and the stretching of polyetherketone film, treatment of DMI makes films more uniform.
By adding DMI to a mixture of surfaceactive agents, alkalines, alcohols, and polyoxyethylenealkylethers, an effective detergent can be obtained. It also makes an effective cleaning solution for glass and metal since it dissolves dirt easily.
Dyestuffs and Pigments
Higher contrast, clear printed images can be obtained by adding DMI as an ink solvent with dyestuffs and pigments.
Due to its low viscosity and high dielectric constancy, DMI can be used as a solvent for electrolytic solutions of non-aqueous batteries. In addition, it can be used as a stripper for photo-resist, and unlike conventional strippers, does not involve a series of complicated processes because of water insolubility or a resulting adverse impact on the environment.
Surface Treatment Agent
To increase adhesive strength of epoxy resin adhesives, a DMI solution of SDN (polyaryl complex of sodium, potassium or lithium), is used for surface treatment of TEFLON® (polytetrafluoroethylene).
DMI has a high boiling point, high thermal stability and doesn't produce azeotrope, therefore it can be used commercially as a solvent in processes such as liquid-liquid extraction, counter current distribution, extractive distillation and counter current washing process.
Since DMI dissolves aromatic compounds, unsaturated hydrocarbons, and does not dissolve paraffin hydrocarbons, it is the best extractant of BTX.
Precaution and Packing
There are various kinds of materials suitable for use in handling DMI. The recommended materials are stainless steel, polyethylene and fluororesins at room temperature. For flange gaskets and gland packing, fluororesins (polytetrafluororesins and other polyfluoroethylenes) are suggested.
DMI is typically stored in iron, can or drum containers whose net weight is 18 kg and 200 kg respectively. DMI has a hygroscopic property and is oxidized more or less when it is exposed to air for a long period of time. Therefore, its storage containers should be kept sealed with inactive gas such as nitrogen.
When handling DMI at low temperature, please note that its melting point is 8.2° C. If the substance touches your skin, remove immediately by washing with water. Exposure to DMI can cause slight irritation as revealed in a test conducted on rabbit's skin. The toxicity of the chemical is as follows:
• ED50 (Mouse intra peritoneal)
• LD50 (Mouse intra peritoneal)
• 48 hours TLm